grandchildren: Mary Catherine Southard, Nell Southard, & John B. Southard Sr.
great grandchildren: John B. Southard Jr. and Elizabeth "Betty" Ann Southard
father: John D. Wickliffe mustered out at Gettysburg (Confederate Soldier's marker, "Cemeteries"- Muhlenberg, Co., Vol 4) (1799-1870)
Sarah's maternal family
murder: Rachel's first marriage to Boggess was arranged by her father Arrington & Lemuel when Rachel was 15 years old. Years into the marriage and several children later, Rachel Oates and a slave girl, Eliza, were charged with the gruesome murder of Rachel's 1st husband Lemuel Boggess Sr. The murder involved a hammer driving a stake into Lemuel's head. This raises the question: Did Rachel get involved with John Wickliffe and want Lemuel out of the way? (source: Ruth Boggess Bates/ Ruth grew up in Greenville, KY and heard her parents discuss the murder. Both Rachel Oates and the slave girl were acquitted. Ruth Boggess Bates sent the email through ancestry.com) . . . Kentucky Commonwealth Circuit Court Criminal Cases 1799-1854. Index case #1529 and #1691, 1833 . . . . . . Years later, one of Lemuel's and Rachel's sons (Lemuel Jr) was charged with murder in Muhlenberg County. He escaped trial by running away to Arkansas where he was killed by a posse.
father: Jesse "Jethro" Oates Sr (1732-80, N. Carolina land owner)
Established the first printing press in North Carolina,1749. reference: Daughters of the American Revolution, Volume XXXIII, Washington, DC, July 1908, page 1031.
James Oates (1647-1703) was a prominent planter and attorney for colonial Virginia and North Carolina. As a highly educated gentleman, he was called Esquire or Master. He was of such importance that he did not have to sign his name like ordinary people, for he was not what they considered an ordinary person.
A study of old wills leads one to understand the significance of various things we pay no attention to today. When one was important enough to have a coat of arms and a signet ring, it identified him. All of James Oates important letters, deeds, etc. have this signet ring seal on them. There still exists some family silver with this signet (Coat of Arms) on it.
James Oates lived in Warwick County, Virginia. He was a friend of many outstanding men in Virginia, including Nathaniel Bacon. When Governor Berkeley resumed the governorship in 1660, he was determined to destroy every democratic process in the colony. The governor drastically limited suffrage, obtained the election of an entirely subservient assembly and had it sit 14 years without re-election. By these and other measures, Virginia became an oligarchy and the ordinary man became more and more dissatisfied. Their growing discontent came to a head in 1676 when the governor declined to protect the frontier from Indian attacks. The Indians had been attacking the settlers relentlessly. Men of Virginia wilderness and Jamestown Colony had tried in vain to get aid from King Charles. (What they didn't know at the time: King Charles was sending money & supplies to help fight the Indians. Governor Berkeley was pocketing the money and kept or sold the supplies.)
An overseer at the plantation of Nathaniel Bacon was murdered by Indians. After this death, Bacon led an attack on the Indians with a volunteer force. For this Governor Berkeley pronounced Bacon a traitor. In the uprising that followed, Bacon captured Jamestown Colony and burned it down, driving Berkeley across the Chesapeake Bay. This became known as Bacon's Rebellion. (Jamestown never recovered from Bacon's Rebellion. The community moved inland and established Williamsburg.)
Bacon's Rebellion came to an end with the sudden death of Nathaniel Bacon, October 1676, from a fever. Governor Berkeley lost no time. His reprisals were brutal hangings (over 217) and confiscation of property. All this left an indelible stain upon Berkeley's memory.
James Oates and his friends fled Warwick County, Virginia to save their necks. They had to lie low, which meant going to another part of Virginia. James went to Halifax County,